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What is a Stablecoin?

Cryptocurrency is taking the world by storm and people are looking for innovative ways to keep their investments safe. A stablecoin is one of those crypto assets that have been gaining traction in the market. While Bitcoin and Ethereum have previously dominated the crypto market, stablecoins are now emerging as the go-to option for investors. A stablecoin is a form of cryptocurrency that is pegged to an asset, such as gold or the US dollar. In this blog post, we will discuss what stablecoins are and how they work.

1. Types of Stablecoins: 

There are three types of stablecoins; fiat collateralized, crypto collateralized, and non-collateralized. Fiat collateralized stablecoins are backed by actual fiat currency, while crypto collateralized stablecoins are backed by other cryptocurrencies. On the other hand, non-collateralized stablecoins, also known as algorithmic stablecoins, use algorithms in place of collateral.

2. How Stablecoins Work:

Stablecoins work by pegging their value to the price of a particular asset, typically the US dollar. This means that the value of the stablecoin remains fixed, regardless of market conditions. When their price deviates from their pegs, stablecoins are adjusted by using complex algorithms. For example, if a stablecoin is pegged to the US dollar, and the value drops to $0.98, the algorithms will encourage users to buy the stablecoin to bring the price back to $1.

3. Advantages of Stablecoins:

The main advantage of stablecoins is that they bring stability to the crypto market. They offer investors a safe haven amidst the volatility of other cryptocurrencies, while still being decentralized. Stablecoins can also be used as a medium of exchange and remittance without worrying about the fluctuations of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Furthermore, stablecoins are not subject to the same regulations as traditional financial institutions.

4. Risks Associated with Stablecoins:

While stablecoins offer investors stability and security, they also come with potential risks. The value of the asset backing the stablecoin can fall, leading to a decrease in the value of the stablecoin. Investors should take note of stablecoins that are collateralized with assets that may not hold their value in the future. Furthermore, if a stablecoin's algorithm fails, the value of the stablecoin could plummet.

5. Popular Stablecoins:

The most popular stablecoins in circulation today include Tether (USDT), USD Coin (USDC), DAI, and TrueUSD (TUSD). Tether is one of the oldest stablecoins and is backed by the US dollar. On the other hand, DAI is unique in that it is backed by Ethereum instead of fiat currency. As of December 2020, Tether had a market capitalization of $19.5 billion, making it the largest stablecoin in circulation.

Check out our in-depth analysis of stablecoins

In conclusion, stablecoins offer investors a safer way to invest in cryptocurrencies. They allow traders to avoid the extreme volatility that is otherwise experienced in the cryptocurrency market. Furthermore, stablecoins promote the decentralization of finances, allowing individuals to make safe investments without relying on traditional financial institutions. However, investors should be cautious and carefully evaluate the collateral backing the stablecoin before investing. Overall, stablecoins are a valuable asset that should be considered in any cryptocurrency portfolio.

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